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Orlan chronology

On this page is a history of the numbered Orlan spacesuits used on all Russian space stations, listed in order of delivery into orbit. Dates are in day/month/year format.

Orlans are not usually brought back to Earth because there is no room on the Soyuz to carry them, though crews might souvenir the gloves or helmet visor. The suits are usually discarded in a de-orbiting Progress spacecraft. Only one was recovered and taken back to Earth (No.18 on STS-79 Atlantis).

The information up to Orlan No.14 was adapted from one published in Novosti Kosmonavtiki No.4, 2004: an article, “Orlanyi,” provides full statistics of all the spacesuits of the Orlan family used in orbit from the first delivery to Salyut-6. Information from then is gleaned from the daily On-Orbit Reports and various ISS photos. Another source was Anik at NASA Spaceflight.com.

Key to table headings:

Order
Order of delivery into orbit (flight order).
Number
Spacesuit serial number (comprised of 7 digits – XXX00XX; only the last two digits are given in the absence of information). Red stripes indicate odd production number, blue stripes even.
Ship
Orbital spaceship by which the spacesuit was brought.
Delivery date
Date of delivery to station (day/month/year).
First use
Date of first use.
Last use
Date of last use.
Disposal
Method of disposal.
Total
Number of official exits into open space + internal spacewalks that are not officially counted.
Hours
Total duration of official spacewalks in hours and minutes.

Orlan-D
«Орлан-Д»

Orlan-D
«Салют-6»
Number Ship Delivery date First use Last use Disposal Total Hours
Orlan-D used on Salyut-6
33 (red stripes) Salyut-6 29 Sep 1977 20 Dec 1977 15 Aug 1979 Salyut-6 deorbit 3 05:11
34 (blue stripes) Salyut-6 29 Sep 1977 20 Dec 1977 15 Aug 1979 Salyut-6 deorbit 3 05:11
Orlan-D used on Salyut-7
45 (red stripes) Salyut-7 19 Apr 1982 30 Jul 1982 8 Aug 1984 Salyut-7 deorbit 10 34:41
46 (blue stripes) Salyut-7 19 Apr 1982 30 Jul 1982 3 Nov 1983 Progress-24 3 08:17
47 (blue stripes) Progress-19 23 Feb 1984 23 Apr 1984 8 Aug 1984 Salyut-7 deorbit 7 26:24

Notes

One of Orlan-D spacesuits (No.33 or No.34) was removed by Progress-12.

Orlan-DM
«Орлан-ДМ»

Orlan-DM
Number Ship Delivery date First use Last use Disposal Total Hours
Orlan-DM used on Salyut-7
8 (blue stripes) Kosmos-1669 21 Jul 1985 2 Aug 1985 31 May 1986 Salyut-7 deorbit 3 13:50
10 (red stripes) Kosmos-1669 21 Jul 1985 2 Aug 1985 31 May 1986 Salyut-7 deorbit 3 13:50
Orlan-DM used on Mir
7 (red stripes) Core module 20 Feb 1986 11 Apr 1987 30 Jun 1988 ? 5 18:23
9 (blue stripes) Core module 20 Feb 1986 11 Apr 1987 30 Jun 1988 ? 5 18:23

Orlan-DMA
«Орлан-ДМА»

Orlan-DMA used on Mir
Number Ship Delivery date First use Last use Disposal Total Hours
6 (red stripes) Progress-38 12 Sep 1988 20 Oct 1988 27 Jul 1991 ? 14 69:04
10 (blue stripes) Progress-38 12 Sep 1988 20 Oct 1988 25 Apr 1991 VKD jettison (27 Jul 1991) 9 39:32
8 (blue stripes) Kvant-2 6 Dec 1989 26 Jan 1990 20 Feb 1992 Progress M-17 10 50:24
12 (red stripes) Kvant-2 6 Dec 1989 26 Jan 1990 20 Feb 1992 Progress M-17 7 29:14
14 (blue stripes) Progress M-7 28 Mar 1991 25 Jun 1991 22 Oct 1993 Jettisoned during spacewalk on 29 Oct 1993 13 48:47
15 (red stripes) Progress M-7 28 Mar 1991 8 Jul 1992 18 Jun 1993 ? 7 30:22
18 (blue stripes) Progress M-15 29 Oct 1992 29 Oct 1993 8 Dec 1995 Recovered by STS-79 13 54:32
25 (red stripes) Progress M-17 2 Apr 1993 16 Sep 1993 13 Jun 1996 Progress M-36 15 59:27
27 (red stripes) Progress M-26 17 Feb 1995 12 May 1995 20 Oct 1997 Mir deorbit 12 + 1 55:58
26 (blue stripes) Progress M-29 10 Oct 1995 20 Oct 1995 20 Oct 1997 Mir deorbit 12 + 1 61:22

Orlan-M
«Орлан-М»

The Orlan-M suits are usually referred to by their last two numbers (e.g. suit #1280012 is #12).

Orlan-M
Number Ship Delivery date First use Last use Disposal Total Hours
Orlan-M used on Mir
1060004 (blue stripes) Progress M-34 8 Apr 1997 29 Apr 1997 12 May 2000 Mir deorbit 14 + 1 72:22
1060005 (red stripes) Progress M-34 8 Apr 1997 29 Apr 1997 16 Apr 1999 Mir deorbit 11 + 2 59:54
1060006 (blue stripes) Progress M-36 8 Oct 1997 3 Mar 1998 12 May 2000 Mir deorbit 9 + 1 47:24
Orlan-M used on ISS
1280012 (blue stripes) Zvezda 26 Jul 2000 8 Jun 2001 25 Jan 2002 Progress M-50 7 31:01
1280023 (red stripes) Zvezda 26 Jul 2000 8 Jun 2001 27 Feb 2004 Progress M1-11 8 + 1 32:39
1280014 (blue stripes) Progress M-SO1 17 Sep 2001 14 Jan 2002 27 Feb 2004 SuitSat 5 + 1 25:42
0520025 (red stripes) Progress M1-11 31 Jan 2004 24 Jun 2004 6 Jun 2007 Progress M-01M 13 65:53
1130026 (blue stripes) Progress M1-11 31 Jan 2004 24 Jun 2004 10 Mar 2009 Progress M-02M 11 61:25
0240027 (red stripes) Progress M-49 27 May 2004 26 Mar 2005 10 Mar 2009 Progress M-02M 10 49:46

Notes

Orlan-MK

A new version of the Orlan fitted with a digital computer in its life support backpack to process and transmit systems information, rather than the previous BRTA radio-telemetry equipment.

Orlan-MK used on ISS
Number Ship Delivery date First use Last use Disposal Total Hours:Min
1170004 (blue stripes) Progress M-65 12 Sep 2008 14 Jan 2010 (EVA-24) 3 Feb 2016 (EVA-42) 14 91:15
1080005 (red stripes) Progress M-66 12 Feb 2009 22 Jun 2009 (EVA-22) 22 Oct 2014 (EVA-40) 14 77:54
1080006 (blue stripes) Progress M-02M 24 Apr 2009 22 Jun 2009 (EVA-22) 17 Aug 2017 15 92:28

Orlan-MKS

An updated version delivered to the ISS in February 2017.

Orlan-MKS used on the ISS
Number Ship Delivery date First use Last use Disposal Total Hours:Min
3 Progress MS-04 1 Dec 2016 – not delivered due to launch failure of Progress N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
4 (blue stripes) Progress MS-05 22 Feb 2017 17 Aug 2017 1 7:34
5 Progress MS-06 14 Jun 2018

Updated 1:38 PM Saturday, 8 April 2017